Central Idaho Amateur
Radio Club
     








Valley County Search And Rescue





VCSAR Radio Operations & Communications Security







Sunday, November 19, 2017
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Overview

This page intends to provide basic instruction to Valley County Search And Rescue members on:

This tutorials provides instruction on radio operations are based on using the Baofeng model UV-5R handheld transceiver. This radio is the most prevalent radio among VCSAR members, with the Baofeng model UV-82 being the second most popular transceiver. Both of these models have nearly identical features and controls. Where the UV-82 differs from the UV-5R, specific information is provided on how to manage those differences.

This tutorial also provides a minimum set of instructions with regard to radio signal propagation and communications protocols best practices. These instructions are provided to help you, the VCSAR member, obtain the highest quality of communications and to minimize the amount of transmit time required to convey information. The bulk of your handheld radio's endurance is directly related to the amount of time spent transmitting, so managing your overall radio environment and communications patterns can greatly improve the endurance of your radio by avoiding needing to re-transmit information. Further, when operating on public safety repeaters, it is critical to the safety of others that your communications convey information with a goal of achieving both accuracy and brevity.

Lastly, basic instructions on mobilizing and demobilizing are provided. These instructions span from initial call out through leaving the scene of an incident. Adherence to basic instructions will ensure that VCSAR is able to best utilize you as a resource, and to prevent a secondary SAR operation to occur unnecessarily by implementing proper demobilization procedures.

SECURITY & FIRST RESPONDERS

This section describes the necessity to maintain security of communications equipment, and our obligation to First Responders.

SECURITY OF EQUIPMENT

The transceivers used by VCSAR members are programmed to operate on Public Safety frequencies. These frequencies are critical to the safety of First Responders, and to the public at large. Any loss or theft of radio equipment should be reported to Law Enforcement officials and VCSAR immediately, regardless whether the communications equipment is owned by the VCSAR member or VCSAR itself. When reporting a loss or theft, please be sure to indicate that the communications equipment is programmed to support Valley County Search And Rescue operations and includes the ability to both transmit and receive on Public Safety frequencies.

If you leave the Valley County Search And Rescue organization, for any reason, please contact Valley County Search And Rescue and arrange to have the Public Safety frequencies removed from your communications equipment. It is absolutely critical that we, as Valley County Search And Rescue members, avoid presenting any situation that could endanger First Responders or the public. It is important that we do not expose First Responders to any communications activity that could diminish safety, or result in the loss of life or property. Removing Public Safety frequencies from demobilized communications equipment is one step toward fulfilling our responsibility to First Responders and the public.

Valley County Search And Rescue should, when processing the exit of personnel, always arrange to have the Public Safety frequencies removed from communications equipment.

All radio channels are named, with frequency assignments being made by incident commanders and issued to participating VCSAR members using the channel name. Lists of Public Safety frequencies will not be distributed to VCSAR members. Public Safety frequency lists are disclosed only to VCSAR upper level staff positions, including Captain, North Lieutenant and South Lieutenant and positions specifically authorized by the Captain. Distribution of frequency lists to VCSAR upper level staff positions is intended only for validation that radios are properly programmed. For practical purposes, only the channel name is needed to manage an incident and knowledge of an operating frequency is operationally irrelevant.

Valley County Search And Rescue discourages members from allowing the memory contents of their personal communications equipment from being read by persons not specifically authorized by Valley County Search And Rescue.

A radio programming agreement can be found at the bottom of this page. In order for Valley County Search And Rescue to program personal radio communications equipment, a signed copy of this agreement must be on file.

FIRST RESPONDERS

Public Safety frequencies have a primary role of supporting First Responders (e.g. Law Enforcement, Fire, EMS and EMT). The use of Public Safety frequencies and repeater infrastructure helps Valley County Search And Rescue to serve the public with enhanced safety and efficiency. However, Valley County Search And Rescue are secondary users of Public Safety communications infrastructure. VCSAR communications operations must accomodate providing First Responders priority access to Public Safety communications infrastructure. It is important that our communications do not impair first responders.

Any requests that direct that Valley County Search And Rescue communications be moved to a specific communications channel should be accommodated as soon as practicable.

BAOFENG HANDHELD TRANSCEIVERS

The following discussion describes how to operate the Baofeng UV-5R radio, and is directly applicable to other Baofeng models, including other UV-5 variants and the UV-82.

BASIC CONTROLS

CHANNEL SELECTION

TRANSMITTER POWER CONTROL

HOW TO TRANSMIT

ADVISORY ON THE UV-82 PUSH-TO-TALK

BATTERY UTILIZATION

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT SIGNAL PROPAGATION

MULTI-PATH PHASE SIGNAL CANCELATION

ANTENNA POLARIZATION

COMMUNICATIONS PROTOCOLS

ALWAYS LISTEN FIRST

STOP - THINK - TALK - LISTEN

WORKING WITH INCIDENT COMMANDERS

MOBILIZATION

ASSIGNMENTS

DEMOBILIZATION

VCSAR - COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT DE-PROGRAMMING AUTHORIZATION AGREEMENT
VALLEY COUNTY SEARCH AND RESCUE - COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT DE-PROGRAMMING AUTHORIZATION AGREEMENT

Prior to performing programming of a personally owned transceiver with channels that include Public Safety frequencies, you are required to sign an agreement that you will have your personal radio equipement de-programmed or cleared to remove Public Safety frequencies, in the event that you leave the Valley County Search And Rescue organization, or fail to maintain your Valley County Search And Rescue membership in Good Standing. Your personal radio communications equipment will not be programmed by Valley County Search And Rescue personnel without Valley County Search And Rescue having a signed copy of this agreement on file.


NAME:
(last)

(first)

(middle initial)
ADDRESS:
(street)

(city)

(state)

(zip)
PHONE:
EMAIL:

I promise, upon the termination of my membership with Valley County Search and Rescue to submit my personal radio communications equipement to be de-programmed in order to remove Public Safety frequencies from my personal radio communications equipment. Further, in the event of sale of my personal radio equipment, I promise to submit my personal radio equipment to be de-programmed in order to remove Public Safety frequencies from my personal radio communications equipment.

SIGNATURE:
DATE:
(mm/dd/yyyy)

The following radios have been programmed and/or deprogrammed (cleared) by Valley County Search And Rescue:

# Manufacturer Model Serial
Number
Program-
med
Cleared Cleared
Date
Cleared
By
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15